Seminar "Strangers and Foreigners: Trust and Attitudes toward Citizenship"
IOS-IZA-HSE University International Labor Seminar will be held on Tuesday, February 1, 2022 at 16:00 (MSK, GMT+3).
Speaker: Graziella Bertocchi (University of Modena and Reggio Emilia and IZA)
Title: Strangers and Foreigners: Trust and Attitudes toward Citizenship
We analyze the relationship between natives' attitudes towards citizenship acquisition for foreigners and trust. Since we interpret the latter as a proximate determinant of such attitudes, we also aim at establishing their underlying fundamental determinants, with a focus on sub-Saharan Africa. Our hypothesis is that the slave trade represents the deep factor behind contemporary attitudes toward citizenship. The channel linking the slave trade to citizenship attitudes is the persistent influence of the slave trade on trust, with more intense exposure to historical slave exports for an individual's ethnic group being associated with contemporary distrust for strangers, and in turn opposition to citizenship laws that favor the inclusion of foreigners. Our results show that individuals who are more trusting do show more positive attitudes towards the acquisition of citizenship at birth for children of foreigners, that these attitudes are also negatively related to the intensity of the slave trade, and that the underlying link between trust and the slave trade is confirmed. We also explore alternative fundamental factors - conflict, kinship, and witchcraft beliefs - that, through trust, may affect attitudes toward citizenship, but none of them is able to generate the same distinctive pattern of linkages emerging from the slave trade. Joint paper with Arcangelo Dimico and Gian Luca Tedeschi.
Working language is English.
Seminar will be online via Zoom.
The link to join Zoom: https://us02web.zoom.us/j/83410168263
Meeting ID: 834 1016 8263
If you have questions please contact Liliya Gubaidullina (email@example.com ).