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Семинар «Job stability and Fertility Intentions across Europe: does labour market legislation matter?»

10 ноября 2015 г. состоялся совместный семинар Лаборатории исследований рынка труда (ЛИРТ) и Центра трудовых исследований (ЦеТИ), на котором Татьяна Карабчук (ЛЭСИ и ЛССИ ВШЭ) представила доклад «Job stability and Fertility Intentions across Europe: does labour market legislation matter?».

10 ноября 2015 г. состоялся совместный семинар Лаборатории исследований рынка труда (ЛИРТ) и Центра трудовых исследований (ЦеТИ), на котором был представлен доклад «Job stability and Fertility Intentions across Europe: does labour market legislation matter?».

Докладчик — Татьяна Карабчук, старший научный сотрудник Лаборатории экономико-социологических исследований ВШЭ, заместитель заведующего Лаборатории сравнительных социальных исследований ВШЭ, доцент кафедры экономической социологии ВШЭ.

Total birth rates in Europe went down dramatically in almost all countries during the last 40 years. The postponed marriages and childbirth delays resulted from the global value changes could only partially explain this decline. I claim that one of the main reasons for the mentioned decline is the rise of job and income instability caused by labor market polarization. The growth of flexible market relations increased uncertainty and job insecurity in many European countries during the last decades. This paper aims to disclose and explain the impact of job instability on fertility intentions taking into account the employment legislation of the country. I use the developed theoretical approach of closed/open labor markets to work out the macro level hypotheses for countries’ differences and the theory of precarious work for micro level hypotheses. The empirical analysis is grounded on the European Social Survey, conducted in 2004 and 2010 for 27 countries. The results from the multilevel modeling showed that the rigid employment legislation which is leading to the rise of job instability decreases fertility intentions while liberal labor market with less perceived inequalities between primary and secondary labor markets contributes to childbirth planning.

Key words: job stability, fertility intentions, employment type, employment protection legislation, dual labor markets, Europe.

Оппонент — Юлия Казакова, научный сотрудник Института прикладных экономических исследований РАНХиГС.